Her rationales for choosing Mazarin were mainly his ability and his total dependence on her, at least until when she was no longer regent. In the s, Louis claimed the regale or the right of the French king to appoint the lower clergy and collect the revenues of a diocese when it was vacant.
Greenwood Press, 39,  Peter H. He did much work to bring honesty to the government by revamping accounting practices. This anticipated the formation of the League of the Rhineleading to the further diminution of Imperial power.
You [he was talking to the secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them. The loss of the strong king brought chaos to the land. With Fouquet dismissed, Colbert reduced the national debt through more efficient taxation.
The taille was reduced to 42 million in and 35 million in ; finally the revenue from indirect taxation progressed from 26 million to 55 million. At Versailles, the aristocracy were removed from their provincial power centers and came under the surveillance and control of the royal government.
Comparing France and England During this time frame there was a struggle for power between the aristocracy and the monarchy in both France and England. The system was outrageously unjust in throwing a heavy tax burden on the poor and helpless.
Introduction[ edit ] The 16th century was strongly influenced by religious conflicts  developing out of the establishment of Lutheranism and permanent wars.
All counties and villages were expected to follow this rule to create a united state and a centralized leadership.
He also worked to remove the nobility from the levers of the central administration. The power of these states was closely associated with the power of their rulers; to strengthen both, it was necessary to curtail the restraints on centralized government that had been exercised by the church, feudal lords, and medieval customary law.
Beaufort, who had escaped from the prison where Anne had incarcerated him five years before, was the military leader in Paris, under the nominal control of Conti.Louis XIV lived from and became the king of France in At the time he became king, France was financially ruined, politically corrupt, and divided between warring nobles and private armies and under the threat of riots from the people, especially in Paris.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September – 1 September ), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from until his death in Besides France, whose absolutism was epitomized by Louis XIV, absolutism existed in a variety of other European countries, including Spain, Prussia, and Austria.
The most common defense of monarchical absolutism, known as “the divine right of kings ” theory, asserted.
Louis was a de fender of Gallicanism, the belief that the monarchy pos sessed certain rights over the Catholic church in France, irrespective of papal powers.
In the s, Louis claimed the regale or the right of the French king to appoint the lower clergy and collect the. Absolutism: The day after Cardinal Mazarin's death, Louis XIV, at the age of twenty three, expressed his determination to be a real king and the sole ruler of France: "Up to this moment I have been pleased to entrust the government of my affairs to the late Cardinal.
It is now time that I govern them myself. Louis XIV identified himself directly with the governing of the nation. His famous statement of this belief rings down the centuries, " L'etat, c'est moi!
", meaning, I .Download