When the narcissist comes to accept his or her true needs he or she will be congruent with the personal self and the narcissistic front will no longer be needed. Thus, when people praise the narcissist his or her grandiosity will increase, but when criticized the grandiosity will usually remain unaffected because the narcissist will devalue the criticizing person.
However, it does raise interesting issues on the role of family in the development of individuals into caring members of a society. The narcissist must feel that whatever he or she does is all right with the therapist.
The third type of mirror transference is again termed the mirror transference. He believed normal, infantile narcissism depends on the affirmation of others and the acquisition of desirable and appealing objects, which should later develop into healthy, mature self-esteem.
In essence, Freud postulates object libido emanates from a need to ensure the survival of the species. Conceptually the narcissist perceives the therapist and himself or herself to be twins, separate but alike.
Such patients will then likely feel betrayed by the therapist and will respond by withdrawing themselves from the therapist Manfield, The Idealizing Transference The second selfobject transference, the idealizing transference, involves the borrowing of strength from the object the therapist to maintain an internal sense of cohesion.
It is the extent of this inability to distinguish personal boundaries which determines the severity of the narcissistic disorder Johnson, Levels of Narcissism The most extreme form of narcissism involves the perception that no separation exists between the self and the object.
When that affection is returned so is the libido, thus restoring primary narcissism and self-worth.
The existential model seems to confuse narcissism with the schizoid condition. It is important to note that it is one of his most technical works. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin plagiarism detection programour custom written papers will pass any plagiarism test, guaranteed.
By limiting treatment to emphatic understanding the other approaches fail to address the underlying issues inherent in narcissism. During childhood, these two drives are usually the same and no differentiation can be made. How much self-esteem one has then depends on how much affection and love they are able to derive form the object of their desire.
By idealizing the therapist to whom the narcissist feels connected, the narcissist by association also uplifts himself or herself. The therapist therefore gives the narcissist unconditional positive regard. At a psychological level he or she experiences difficulties in differentiating the self from others.
To heal this rupture the therapist must convey to the narcissist through emphatic means that others do care about him or her; that is the therapist must repair the archetype of the good mother through a maternally caring approach Asper, This is after the affection had already been projected outwards to other objects besides themselves.
However, prior to tackling narcissism it is useful to grasp the essence of analytical thought. He maintained that a child will tend to fantasize about having a grandiose self and ideal parents.
It is when psychological trauma disrupts this process that the most primitive and narcissistic version of the self remains unchanged. As the infant is transformed into an adult he or she will invariably encounter various challenges resulting in some frustration.
The primordial image of the mother symbolizes paradise, to the extent that the environment of the child is perfectly designed to meet his or her needs.
In order to accomplish this, the proper environment must be set in therapy, free of any conditions of worth. This is because narcissism causes an individual to seek self-preservation. In addition, Freud had a few choice words for the behavior of beautiful women.Narcissism is defined as a negative word meaning an excessive and unhealthy love of one's own body or personality.
This terminology 3/5(2). History of narcissism.
Jump to navigation Jump to search. The concept of excessive Bela Grunberger, Narcissism: Psychoanalytic Essays (New York ) J.
Sandler et al., Freud's "On Narcissism: An Introduction" (Yale UP, ) External links. Sigmund Freud started the psychological discussion of the disorder with his paper “on narcissism”.
The disorder takes its name from narcissus, who in greek mythology was the son of a river god and a nymph. On Narcissism, was a significant point in the development of Freud's mi-centre.com work was produced after work on his earlier theories on dreams and the unconscious mind.
It also comes immediately he began to explore the various aspects of the unconscious mind such as the 'id'. 1 [In a footnote added by Freud in to his Three Essays (d, Standard Ed., 7, n.) he said that he was wrong in stating in the present paper that the term ‘narcissism’ was introduced by Näcke and that he should have attributed it.
The term narcissism is derived from clinical description "On Narcissism: An Introduction" begins with a move that is characteristic of Freud's developing approach to theorizing about the psyche.Download